Mobile Operating Systems

OS Battle: IOS Vs Android

The Smart Phone world is dominated by two Operating Systems, iOS and Android. Microsoft Windows is also there, but comes at a very poor third. iOS is monopolized by Apple devices, but Android is used by the vast majority of Smart Phones in the world. This is a review of iOS and Android OS compared, which delineates the position of the two Operating Systems in the Smart Phone world.


Following is a brief chart of iOS and Android OS compared:

  • Origins: iOS has been developed by Apple Inc. Android has been developed mainly by Google and Open Handset Alliance. The first version of iOS was as iPhone OS 1, while it was Android 1.0 Alpha for Android. While iOS was first released on July 29th 2007, Android was first released on September 23rd 2008.
  • Source and Customizability: Android is Open Source and is totally customizable. iOS is Closed or Proprietary (now with some Open Source components also), and is not normally customizable. Android is based on Linux Kernel, UI, and some standard apps. The iOS Kernel was originally based on the Open Source Darwin OS, but is now fully closed.
  • Transferring Files: It is difficult to transfer files on iOS. Photos can be transferred out via USB, but media files need to use iTunes Desktop App. Files can be transferred on android easily, through Desktop Apps or USB.
  • Languages: iOS has 34 languages available, but Android has over a 100 languages.
  • Calls and Messaging: Third party apps like Facebook, Facebook Messenger, Google Duo, WhatsApp, Skype, Google Hangouts and Discord, all work on both Android and iOS. While Apple App Store has over 1 million Apps, Android’s Google Play Store has over 2 million Apps. But virus maybe a problem in the latter, though rare. Android accommodates several alternative App Stores, other than Google Play Store, such as, Galaxy Apps and Aptoide. Apple blocks all third party app stores apart from their own Apple App Store.
  • Security: iOS considers itself highly secure because it uses a locked system. So security checks and updates are occasional only. Besides, loading apps out of the App Store is quite complicated. But Android takes security seriously. There are monthly security updates, and patches are available as required. Pixel devices make their devices available the soonest. However, the very number of manufacturers using Android can pose security problems, because some manufacturers allow the monthly checkup to lapse. And a situation arises where large numbers of Android devices run on outdated security software. Major security problems, like Rooting, Bootloaders and Jail Breaking are serious problems for iOS devices, because the User does not have complete control over his device. On the other hand, the User has access and complete control over his Android device and the Bootloader can be unlocked.
  • Interface and Biometric Authentication: Both have Touch Screen Interface and Fingerprint and/or Face Authentication.
  • Cloud Services: iOS provides native integration with iCloud. Initial 5GB is free and then storage id chargeable in slabs, such as, 50GB, 200GB or 1TB. With Android, the native integration for Cloud Services is with Google Drive Storage. The first 15GB is free, and slab wise charges are preferred for higher Cloud storage, such as, 100GB or 1TB.
  • Affordability: Apple has always been at the high end of the market in terms of pricing. The cheapest iPhone in the market (iPhone 8) is available at around US$450. The latest, iPhone 11 Pro Max starts at US$1100. But for sheer scale and variety, nothing compares with Android Smart Phones. There is a vast selection of good low-cost Android based handsets that will suit almost every pocket. But the latest Samsung Galaxy S20 not just matches the price of the iPhone 11 but exceeds it substantially. There is also Google’s Pixel 4 XL that comes close to Samsung, and beats iPhone 11 for price, if not quality.
  • Maps: Apple Maps started later than Google Maps, and are not yet at the same standard. Overall, Google Maps are unsurpassed. It has more points of interest and is far more detailed than Apple Maps. The accuracy too is much better on Google World Maps, with greater coverage, than Apple Maps. Apple Maps is more accurate only in certain areas of the USA.
  • Battery Life and Charging: This is one of the biggest complaint areas of all Smart Phone owners. In general, it is seen that iOS systems are more efficient at squeezing out the last drop of power from their batteries as compared to android systems. But some Smart Phones with Android systems sport batteries of such large size that will easily outlast the iPhone. Fast charging of batteries has been a more-or-less common feature of Android phones, but iPhones have introduced this only recently.

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Mobile Operating Systems | Operating Systems

A Brief History of Operating Systems

These days, the operating systems have become an important part of all the technology which we are using. Be it our laptops or computer systems or our mobile phones. To run them smoothly, we need operating systems for all of them. Be it the hardware of our laptop or mobile phones or the software, we need an operating system for running both of them. Operating systems are the set of programs that are required for providing the interface in between the different applications and the hardware of the computer systems or mobile phones. Operating systems have helped the devices to work properly and efficiently. One can easily make use of the devices with the help of the operating systems. It has also increased the performance of these different devices. In the past few years, operating systems have evolved a lot. The new operating systems are helping the advanced and modern devices by making it easier to make use of both hardware and software.

Operating Systems History

This might be surprising for many of you, but earlier the operating systems were not there. With the development of technology, operating systems have also been introduced. Earlier in the 1940s, the computer systems used to work on the programs. The users used to input these programs in the machine hardware by using the micro switches. Later on, in the year 1950, some new technologies were developed. These technologies were introduced in order to make the interaction between the user and the computer system easier.

It was in the year 1956 when the first operating system was introduced. It was introduced in order to make the IBM mainframe computer run. It was introduced by General Motors. Later on, other owners of IBM Mainframe Computer followed a similar pattern for making the operating system for their computer system. If we look at the computer systems from different generations, then they have been classified into 4 generations according to their architecture. But you should also know that the architecture of these computers is also related to the operating systems.

Like the 1st Generation Computers which were introduced in the year 1940, they did not have any operating systems. No one even thought of an operating system or would have heard about it. The digital computers at that time worked with the help of the programs only like we have mentioned above. Even there were no programming languages also at that time.

Then in the 2nd Generation, in the 1950s some improvement was brought and it was the time when the first operating systems were introduced, about which we have mentioned above. It was introduced for IBM 701. At that time there was the single-stream batch processing system. It was because the users used to submit data and programs in the batches or the groups.

In the 3rd Generation, in the 1960s, some advanced technologies were developed. The multiprogramming concept was introduced by the operating system designers in the 1960s. There were many new techniques which were introduced in the operating system. Due to the multiprogramming concept, several jobs were done at the same time. When a job was waiting for the Input-Output Operation, at the same time the CPU was used by another job, unlike the old operating system without the multiprogramming feature. The operating systems in the 3rd generation were made in such a way that all the programs can run at a fast speed and can get completed fast. It also made the other programs initiate and start soon which are waiting to run. The time-sharing feature was also introduced in the 3rd generation operating system. To multi-program the interactive users in large numbers, the time-sharing technique was made.

In the 4th Generation, the operating systems were used in personal computers also. This was made possible by the Large-Scale Integration Circuits Development. Some of the operating systems which were used at that time are, UNIX and MS-DOS.

At present, there are many operating systems which are in use like Linux and Microsoft Windows. For mobile phones also, we have operating systems like Android and IOS. At present, most of us are using the Windows Operating System, which was introduced in the year 1985.

There are different types of operating systems which are being used these days like Batch Operating System, Real-Time Operating System, Multiprocessing Operating System, Multitasking /Time Sharing Operating System, Network Operating System, and Mobile Operating System.

Different functions of operating systems

Operating systems do not just perform one function, but they are being used for performing various functions like:

  • Helps in Managing the files – One of the important functions of the operating system is file management. With the help of this function, the operating system tries to manage all the activities related to the files. Like naming of the files, sharing of the files, organizing files, protecting files, and retrieval of files.
  • Helps in memory allocation and de-allocation – With the help of the memory management function of the operating system, it helps in allocating the memory to the programs which need the space. Also, it helps in de-allocation of the memory from the programs which do not require extra memory space or which are not in work anymore. This helps a user in saving or deleting any file easily by checking the memory space available on the computer system.
  • Helps in managing the processes – There are several types of processes that take place in any system. With the help of process management function of the operating system, it becomes easy for one to manage the creating or deleting of any process. One can also create easy synchronization among different processes using the process management system.
  • Helps in securing the data – With the help of the operating systems, we can also keep our data secure, whether we are using it on phone or we are using it on laptop or computer systems. It also helps in protecting the data from unauthorized access. The security module is also being used for protecting the data from malware.

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harmony os
Mobile Operating Systems | Operating Systems | OS Developers

What is Harmony OS?

Recently a new operating system name came in the market, known as Harmony Operating System. Many of you might not be aware of this operating system or might be hearing this name for the first time. Originally, this operating system was known as Hongmeng Operating System. But Huawei has changed its name to Harmony Operating System. It is Huawei only which announced the name of this operating system recently. It has also been mentioned by the Consumer CEO of Huawei, Richard Yu, that this Huawei Operating System is different than other operating systems. They have claimed that this is not like the Android or Apple’s operating systems. Richard Yu has also said that this new Huawei Operating System will meet the consumer’s expectation by providing them a holistic and smart experience. It has been mentioned by Yu, that this operating system will work on a different platform and different devices. It has been built by keeping the consumer’s expectation in mind.

What is Harmony OS?

The Harmony OS or the Hongmeng Operating System is one such operating system which fulfills the need for multiple devices. That is why it is also being called as the operating system that is one-size fit. This operating system can also work in different IoT tech devices like tablets, smartwatches, car systems, and many others. It is being termed as one of the platforms which are customizable for any kind of hardware once it is developed. The meaning of the original name that is ‘Hongmeng’, in Chinese Mythology is a wild goose. However, the meaning of this name is nowhere related to the operating system.

How does the Huawei Operating System work?

Talking about the working of the Huawei Operating System, so it operates on Microkernel architecture. It is a minimal software, that is being used for the mechanism of the operating system. This mechanism is not like the Monolithic Kernel, but it works with small source codes. Huawei has mentioned that this operating system works on the code of only 100 lines. They have also said that it is better than the Android operating system, as it works on Deterministic Latency Engine. This means that this system helps in reducing latency by making its performance an important part. Also, it takes care of the communication channels that are there in between the hardware and the software by simplifying it. Talking about how it works on multiple devices so it is because of its architecture and the IDE that is the Integrated Development Environment. It helps the developers in building apps which will work on multiple devices. The developers can build the apps with different languages and it will then get translated as it has ARK compiler, which will convert or translate it into a single language. This makes it attractive for all kinds of app companies including: games, dating apps, sex app companies, and other app companies that would be interested in a more streamlined distribution across platforms and devices.

What is the need for Harmony OS?

Till date, the Huawei has not launched the Harmony OS. But it may launch it in the next year. Huawei created this operating system in place of Android, to keep it as an alternative. If the US will enforce the ban on Huawei by stopping it to use the Android, and different Google services available on the Play Store, then it will use Harmony OS. Huawei may launch this operating system very soon with television that will run on this operating system. As we already told you that it will work on multiple devices, so it may also plan to launch a smartwatch that will work on this operating system.

Different Features in the Huawei Operating System

There are many features in the Huawei Operating System. But as mentioned by Huawei there are 4 main features, which you should be aware of. The features are Seamless, Smooth, Secure, and Unified. Let’s consider a bit about these features.

  • Seamless – It is been said that this operating system will provide a seamless experience to the customers across all the devices, as it has distributed architecture which is not there in the other operating systems.
  • Smooth – This operating system has high-performance IPC and it also has a deterministic latency engine.
  • Secure – It has a strong security system because of the Microkernel architecture.
  • Unified – Thanks to the multi-device IDE. As it is helping in deploying this operating system across various devices without any problem.

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